Basics of Gardening for Habitat
Understanding the Basics of Gardening for Habitat
What Brings Bees, Butterflies, Moths and Birds to our Garden
What is Gardening for Habitat? Learn why it's important:
Ready to get started? Here are some simple steps to transform your garden into a welcoming place for birds, butterflies, bees and other wildlife:
- How can you restore nature in your garden? Dennis Mudd shares his insights
- Need more information about pollinator plants and bees? Juanita Salisbury answers your questions in this talk.
- Seeking butterfly resources? The Xerces Society is a great resource as well as the Bay Area Wildlife resource website.
- Looking for more native seeds? Check out the great selection at Larner's Seeds. Various mixes are also available from Pacific Coast Seeds.
Getting Started with Native Plants in your Garden
- Need help getting started with a native plant garden? Tips are available in this video
- When should you plant, water, prune, or leave things alone? Helen Popper shares a month-by-month guide for California gardeners.
- What planting methods and soil will ensure success? Haven Kiers from UC Davis shares some research.
- Want to find more California Native plants specific to your area, and the butterflies that use them as host plants? Then check out the wonderful CNPS Calscape website, which includes descriptions and planting information about every California native plant and links to native plant nurseries all over the state. For a user guide to using this amazing resource, watch this talk.
- Check out the great resources on our website and the numerous talks on native plant gardening and native plant science on our YouTube channel.
- Need Plants? Find nurseries, seed stores and plant sales using our list of local retailers.
- Looking for a list of great books for gardening with native plants and for wildlife? Go to our resource page for books.
Activities for Native Plant Gardeners
Want to do more?
- Join us on a chapter field trip. See what's coming up here or on our Meetup page.
- Discover flora and fauna in your region and across the globe, and even post your own observations on the iNaturalist app.
- Attend the chapter's annual Growing Natives Garden tour.
- Want to see most of California’s native habitats in one location? Check out the Regional Botanic Garden in Tilden Park.
- Visit other public gardens with native plants. Here's is a list to get you started.
- The CNPS state website also has excellent resources and information to get you started with native plant science or gardening, like Bloom! California.
Native Plantings in Jeffrey Fontana Park
A beautiful selection of mature and new native plant gardens can be found in Jeffry Fontana Park in San Jose. Wandering through the park, you will find plants from both northern and southern California in a variety of settings.
This is the perfect place to view plants that grow well in San Jose and find ideas for your own gardens.
From buckwheats to monkeyflowers to California fuschias, you’ll see something in bloom year-round. Many of the plants are labelled, making it easy to identify your favorites.
The two original berms were planted in 2011 as an alternative landscape feature to tall trees under PG&E power transmission lines. The plants are well-established and no longer need irrigation.
This garden was planted at the beginning of 2018, although the concept was conceived years before. In the words of Patrick Pizzo, its founder:
The concept of the Five Island Project was born about six years ago. We wanted to create islands or berms much like the two that we first introduced into our park, Jeffrey Fontana, as an alternative landscape feature to tall trees, which have impact on the safe delivery of power transmission by PG&E. You see, our two parks, T.J. Martin and J. Fontana are contiguous along the PG&E power transmission easement in south San Jose. Our contribution, toward potential loss of trees, was to develop native plant and shrub alternatives. This was our first effort.
Now near this island is an open area between heritage coast live oak trees, Quercus agrifolia. Our vision was to have a network of islands/berms in this open area. Neighbors wanted to have an alternative to weeds and summer dust storms. The area is about 120 foot by 120 foot. We envisioned five CA native plant islands in this open area.
Part of the reason for the passage of time was due to the drought. The City policy became ‘no new plantings’. Then, a couple of years ago, with MFPA postured financially to support a major project, the idea came to the fore and I was asked to implement the proposed project. During the four years leading up to this okay, we had been in multiple conversations with our Parks Department in San Jose about the Five Island Project. About a year ago, we broke ground.
The elongated islands are about 35 by 15 foot and of elliptical shape. The spine is about 2 foot high, tapered to ground level, providing good drainage. The native soil was removed or ‘dished’; and this native dirt (sand and adobe) was mixed with ‘garden soil’ from Evergreen Supply in San Jose. It is the lowest grade of organic soil on the market. The combined soils were used to create the islands/berms. Each island is sponsored, to raise money to implement the project. We have five sponsors: East Bay Wilds, DGDG, Almaden Valley Nursery, PG&E and the past presidents of our organization: MFPA (Martin-Fontana Parks Association):
After forming the islands, plants were planted. Each sponsor selected plants and designed their own gardens. Directly after planting, drip-irrigation was installed. We are using Techline drip line with pressure-opened emitters: 1 gallon per hour per emitter. The emitters are spaced 18 inches apart. I designed the irrigation system and will relate at the site-visit. Currently, due to low rain (nothing Jan and Feb), we irrigate every 8 days for 1/2 hour and this is working out fine. We have a variety of water-need plants on the island, by design, so it will be a challenge to fine-tune any summer watering. The islands were planted from mid-Jan through the end of February, which worked out great as you recall the beautiful weather (minus rain). The plants seem very happy with their new homes.
Additional information is available at:
Here is a plant list for the five islands.
Directions: The original two berms and the Five Islands area of the park is across from 1278 Oakglen Way, San Jose. Street parking is available.
Capitancillos Drive Native Plant Demonstration Garden
This garden adjoins over a half mile of Capitancillos Drive in San Jose. It is a labor of love by one of the residents of the neighborhood, supported by other neighbors who live along the way. Started in 1995 with the planting of 125 coast live oaks by Our City Forest (http://www.ourcityforest.org/), it has been maintained and filled in with an extensive collection of chaparral shrubs and plants. It blends beautifully with the Guadalupe Creek riparian zone, which is adjacent to the garden.
Backed by huge granite boulders and the meadow beyond, the shrubs and trees stand out nicely, yet seem to be part of the natural landscape. The plants are hand-watered until established, by Patrick Pizzo, who designed and installed this impressive garden. Lovely established specimens include a variety of ceanothus and manzanitas, sugar bush, spicebush, bush anenome, mountain mahogany, island bush snapdragon, coast silktassel, lemonade berry, sages, coyote brush, coyote mint, buckwheats, monkeyflowers, silver bush lupine, and much more. Plants are labelled, making it easy to find and identify specific cultivars.
The garden provides food and shelter for wildlife from the adjacent Guadalupe Watershed and Guadalupe Creek. Bluebird nest boxes maintained by the Audubon Society provide additional habitat in the garden.
Here is a plant list for the garden.
Directions: From Hwy 85, go south on Camden to Coleman. Turn left on Coleman, and left again on Redmond, then right on Oak Canyon Drive. Oak Canyon Drive becomes Oak Canyon Place. Continue to the cul-de-sac and turn about. The garden borders the meadow for 0.6 miles. Ample free parking is available on the street next to the garden.
California Native Plants at West Valley College
California native plants dominate the grounds at the West Valley College campus in Saratoga. It’s an excellent place to appreciate a wide variety of mature plants in a garden setting. Starting from the front of the campus, between the Administration building and Campus Center, one immediately encounters a huge bed of California fuschias fuschias (Epilobium canum) interspersed with narrow-leaf milkweed (Asclepias fascicularis), salvia, coffeeberry (Rhamnus californica), California roses (Rosa californica), and blue oaks (Quercus douglasii). When the fuschias begin blooming in late summer, this area becomes a hummingbird haven, filled with a charm of these tiny birds zooming around each defending their own patch of flowers.
This huge bed of flowers is a wildlife magnet – in addition to hummingbirds, the area is rich with a variety of birds taking advantage of the nectar, seeds and insects. As can be seen in this picture, the flower stalks provide a perfect perch for a pair of lesser goldfinches to enjoy a meal of fuschia seeds.
Behind the Student Center, there is a patio where Redbud and manzanitas have been planted. A variety of native columbines and other flowers can be found in the flowerbeds that surround the building.
The section of Vasona Creek that runs through the campus has also been restored, and is a delightful place to look for wildlife – including brush rabbits, lizards and more. There have even been reports of bobcats in the area. You can find out more about this restoration project at: http://westvalley.edu/committees/Sustainability/Creek_Restoration/
A stroll through campus will reveal even more California natives. You’ll find specimens of blue elderberry (Sambucus nigra ssp. caerulea), redwood trees (Sequoia sempervirens), deer grass (Muhlenbergia rigens), bush anemone (Carpenteria alifornica), buckeyes (Aesculus californica) and more. There’s even a small bog with carnivorous plants next to the Science building. Be sure to look at the huge blue oak tree in the center of campus – watch it carefully and you are likely to spot the acorn woodpeckers that are often busily at work in it.
The Saratoga Farmer’s Market is held at the campus on Saturday mornings – stop by and get some fresh produce and then take a stroll around campus.
Native Trees of San Mateo and Santa Clara Counties
|Aceraceae (Maple Family)|
|Acer negundo var. californicum
|Betulaceae (Birch Family)|
|Caprifoliaceae (Honeysuckle Family)|
|Ericaceae (Heath Family)|
|Fagaceae (Oak Family)|
||coast live oak
||canyon live oak
||Oregon white oak
||California black oak
||interior live oak
|Hippocastanaceae (Buckeye Family)|
|Lauraceae (Laurel Family)|
|Oleaceae (Olive Family)|
|Pinaceae (Pine Family)|
||Pacific ponderosa pine
|Platanaceae (Sycamore Family)|
|Salicaceae (Willow Family)|
|Populus fremontii ssp. fremontii
|Populus balsamifera ssp. trichocarpa
|Salix lucida ssp. lasiandra
|Taxaceae (Yew Family)|
|Taxodiaceae (Bald Cypress Family)|